Processed through fermentation of original grape juice, wines are alcoholic beverages that are usually named after a fruit. Terminologically, the word is relatively used. They can be a term for alcohol content or a name for a wine production process. Commercially, this English word is derived from the Latin winam that means grape or wine.
The most primitive evidence proposing wine productions roots from Iran and Georgian’s archaeological sites during 5000 BC. This proof became clearer when the BC third millennium hit. It was 6,500 years ago when the oldest recognized verification in Europe as well as the second oldest worldwide comes from Greece’s archaeological sites.
Wines are usually made from more than one variety of Vitis vinifera. This is a European species and the main ingredient in producing wine, comprising Merlot, Chardonnay or Pinot Noir. The wine product can be varietal or blended. Varietal wines use predominant grapes. A blended wine is in no way substandard to varietal types. Some of the best, priciest and most valued wines in the world are a mix of various varieties of grape fruit.
The sale and classification of wine are governed by regulations in diverse regions worldwide. For instance, France has their appellation system that ranges from table wines through appellation of original control. Germany built up a comparable system. Italy and Spain have their own classifications as well basing on a double system of the origin region and product quality. The wine labeled as new world is categorized by grape and not by origin or quality.
Usually, the name of the wine roots from its area of production. European wines are commonly produced in Chianti, Rioja or Bordeaux and the grapes that they use are Merlot, Chardonnay or Pinot. The names breed from their grape varieties combined with the region of manufacture.
Some names of wines use marketing terms. Copyright law or trademark governs the applications of these wine names. There are more other terms being used to classify a wine and these include: white or red wine, rose wine, table wines, sparkling wines, cooking wine, fortified wine and dessert wines.
Meanwhile, a wine may be classified according to one’s primary palate impression. They are a blend of substances identical or similar to vegetables, spices and fruits. Wine’s sweetness is determined through the residual sugar amount in it, after the process of fermentation is done. Specific flavors can also be sensed because of its extreme blend of complex organic molecules.
Italy tops as the leading producer of grapes, the chief wine producing country as well as the number one exporter of wines worldwide.